Continued from What is a Developer: Part 1 Development & Projects. Today’s post outline’s some of the most common tech roles related to web and app development, how they work together, what they do, how they are similar, and how they are different.
With many companies and geographies for that matter defining their own descriptions based on their needs, it’s hard to understand which roles do what and how they all fit together. And to confuse things even more, the roles themselves have much crossover.
Crossover isn’t all bad though. It lets you pull together the right team members for each project based on individuals’ skill sets and project requirements and desired outcomes.
Front-End Developer, Web Designer, UI designer, and UX designer job titles are often used interchangeably because they all are focused on the “client” or “user” side of development, there are however some subtle differences.
UX designers are concerned with why the user interacts with the website or application as they do. They navigate between marketing, research, and development. UX designers also share many job specs with Product Designers.
UI designers are responsible for most of the visual aspects of the design. Things like page and information layout, colors and typefaces, animation of elements, and responsive design. They are also responsible for making sure these graphic elements function the way they are supposed to.
While many Front-End Developers have an understanding of UX and UI, they are largely focused on converting graphic elements into code. (See a more detailed description below.)
Front-End Developers, Back-End Developers, and Full Stack Developers, what’s the difference?
Front-End Developers link design and technology with an emphasis on a positive and functional user experience (UX). They maintain graphic and brand standards throughout the product’s interface, use front-end languages, frameworks, front-end builder tools, content management systems, and design software. Front-End Developers also ensure design responsiveness and are the expert in web platform environments.
Back-End Developers are responsible for creating and maintaining the technology on the back end or “server-side” of a website. They work with back-end programming languages and frameworks, server architecture, databases and hosting, testing tools, and understand security compliance. Back-end developers also need to have knowledge of version control tools and web services standards.
Full Stack Developers (web developers) are not specialized injust one specific area but are proficient with both front and back–end development. Because of their broad range of skills and knowledge, they are able to implement solutions on every architectural layer of the system.
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Stay tuned for Part 3 of this series, “Roles & Responsibilities of Software Development.”